Insight Paper: The Life of Jesus Christ

Author: Steve Hixon

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ALPHABETICAL WALK-THRU OF THE LIFE OF CHRIST

Angels announced the Birth of Christ. He grew up in Nazareth as a Carpenter. He began his ministry at age 30 when he was baptized and the Spirit came upon him in the shape of a Dove. Immediately he went into the wilderness to be tempted by his Enemy. Returning to Judea, he asked several men to be his Followers. His first miracle was performed while he was the Guest at a wedding in Cana, when he turned water into wine. Entering the Temple, he found people making a mockery of worship, so he did some Housecleaning. He conducted an Interview at night with a Pharisee named Nicodemus; travelling north through Samaria, he stopped at Jacob's well and spoke to a woman. He visited his Kin in Nazareth, but when they rejected him, he changed his Location to Capernaum, on the north shore of the Sea of Galilee. From there he conducted three preaching tours, proclaiming his Message about the

kingdom of God. He also did numerous miracles which showed he was Lord over Nature. All during this time there was growing Opposition, so Jesus began to speak in Parables which only his followers could understand. One day he asked his disciples the Question, "Who do you say I am?" Soon after, he gave them a Revelation of his true glory on the Mount of Transfiguration. Returning to Jerusalem, he faced the religious leaders, who tried to Stone him. A good friend named Lazarus died, and Jesus went to the Tomb and raised him from the dead. He continued speaking to the people, and revisited the temple, when again he was Upset and cleared it for the second time. One evening he gave his disciples a Vision of the future on the Mount of Olives, and on the night before his death he Washed their feet. The next day, on Passover, he was eXecuted; and on the third day he rose, as the Yes to all of God's promises. After forty days he ascended from Mt. Zion to join his Father in heaven.

ONE SOLITARY LIFE

"Here is a man who was born in an obscure village, the child of a peasant woman. He grew up in another village. He worked in a carpenter shop until he was thirty, and then for three years he was an itinerant preacher. He never owned a home. He never wrote a book. He never held an office. He never had a family. He never went to college. He never put his foot inside a big city. He never travelled 200 miles from the place where he was born. He never did one of the things that usually accompany greatness. He had no credentials but himself. While still a young man, the tide of popular opinion turned against him. His friends ran away. One of them denied him. He was turned over to his enemies. He went through the mockery of a trial. He was nailed upon a cross between two thieves. While he was dying his executioners gambled for the only piece of property he had on earth - his coat. When he was dead, he was taken down and laid in a borrowed grave through the pity of a friend.
Nineteen long centuries have come and gone and today he is the centerpiece of the human race and the leader of the column of progress. 1 am far within the mark when I say that all the armies that ever marched, all the navies that ever sailed, all the parliaments that ever sat and all the kings that ever reigned, put together, have not affected the life of man upon the earth as powerfully as has that one solitary life."



Parables of Jesus

parable: a saying, proverb, story, simile or metaphor intended to communicate truth by comparison. "Jesus told most of his parables after the religious leaders of Israel rejected him. Jesus explained that his stories about the kingdom of heaven would be understood by those with faith but remain obscure to those who did not believe." (Revell Bible Dictionary)
Helpful hints to understanding the Parables: 1) "kingdom" generally refers to God's rule in people's lives, not a geographical place, 2) most parables answer a question raised by someone, 3) parables were told to make one main point, and the details don't usually have hidden meanings, 4) researching cultural customs can sometimes shed light on confusing passages.

Candle under a bowlMt 5, Mk 4, Lk 8
Fig Tree, barrenLk 13
Fig tree, young leavesMt 24, Mk 13, Lk 21
Fishing netMt 13
Friend at midnightLk 11
Good SamaritanLk 10
Great banquetLk 14
Growing SeedMk 4
Hidden treasureMt 13
House built on rockMt 7, Lk 6
Laborers in vineyardMt 20
Lost coinLk 15
Lost sheepMt 18, Lk 15
Marriage feastMt 22
Master & servantLk 17
Mustard seedMt 13, M k 4, Lk 13
New cloth I old garmentMt 9, Mk 2, Lk 5
New wine I old bottlesMt 9, Mk 2, Lk 5
Pearl of great priceMt 13
Persistent widowLk 18
Pharisee & tax collectorLk 18
Prodigal sonLk 15
Rich foolLk 12
Rich man & LazarusLk 16
Sheep & goatsMt 25
Sower, seed & soilsMt 13, Mk 4, Lk 8
TalentsMt 25
Tares (weeds)Mt 13
TenantsMt 21, Mk 12, Lk 20
Ten minas (pounds)Mt 21
Ten virginsMk 12
Tower (counting cost)Lk 20
Two debtorsLk 14
Two sonsMt 21
Unjust stewardLk 16
Unmerciful servantMt 18
Watch for His coming!Mk 13
Watchful servantsLk 12
Wise stewardLk 12
Yeast (leaven)Mt 13, Lk 13



Miracles of Jesus

miracle: an event that so overrides what observers understand of natural law that it creates wonder and serves as evidence of God's active intervention in this universe.
"Seeing is not believing. This is the first thing to get clear in talking about miracles." (C.S. Lewis)

HEALING
Leprous manMt 8, Mk 1, Lk 5
Centurion's servantMt 8, Lk 7
Peter's mother-in-lawMt 8, Mk 1, Lk 4
Two Gadarene menMt 8, Mk 5, Lk 8
Paralyzed manMt 9, Mk 2, Lk 5
Bleeding womanMt 9, Mk 5, Lk 8
Two blind menMt 9
Possessed, mute manMt 9
Man with shriveled handMt 12, Mk 3, Lk 6
Blind, possessed manMt 12, Lk 11
Woman's daughterMt 15, Mk 7
Boy with demonMt 17, Mk 9, Lk 9
Two blind menMt 20, Mk 10, Lk 18
Deaf muteMk 7
Possessed manMk 1, Lk 4
Blind manMk 8
Crippled womanLk 13
Man with dropsyLk 14
Ten leprous menLk 17
High priest's servantLk 22
Official's sonJn 4
Sick man at poolJn 5
BACK FROM DEATH
Jairus' daughterMt 9, Mk 5, Lk 8
Widow's sonLk 7
LazarusJn 11
NATURE
Calms the stormMt 8, Mk 4, Lk 8
Walks on waterMt 14, Mk 6
Feeding 5000Mt 14, Mk 6, Lk 9, Jn 6
Feeding 4000Mt 15, Mk 8
Coin in fishMt 17
Fig tree witheredMt 21, Mk 11
Catch of fishLk 5
Water into wineJn 2
Catch of fishJn 21



A Harmony of the Gospels



MatthewMarkLukeJohn
PART 1: A PREVIEW OF WHO JESUS IS

1:1-17 1:1-4
3:23-38
1:1-18
PART 2: THE EARLY YEARS OF JOHN THE BAPTIST

1:5-80
PART 3: THE EARLY YEARS OF JESUS CHRIST

1:18-2:23 2
PART 4: THE PUBLIC MINISTRY OF JOHN THE BAPTIST

3:1-121:1-83:1-18
PART 5: END OF JOHNS MINISTRY AND BEGINNING OF CHRISTS (JUDEA)

3:13-4:121:9-143:21-23
4:1-13
1:19-4:45
PART 6: THE MINISTRY OF CHRIST IN GALILEE

Opposition at Home and a New Headquarters4:13-241:14-154:14-314:46-54
Disciples Called and a Ministry throughout Galilee9:1-171:16-2:224:31-5:39
Sabbath Controversies and Withdrawal12:1-212:23-3:126:1-115
Appointment of the 12 and Sermon on the Mount5-73:13-196:12-49
Growing Fame and Emphasis on Repentance11 7
First Public Rejection by Jewish Leaders123:20-358:1-21
Parables about the Kingdom134:1-348:4-18
Continuing Opposition8,9,134:31-6:68:22-56
Final Galilean Campaign

9-11,14:126:6-309:1-10
PART 7: THE MINISTRY OF CHRIST AROUND GALILEE

Feeding of 5000 & Lesson on the Bread of Life14:13-366:31-569:10-176
Lesson on the leaven of the Pharisees, Sadduccees, and Herodians15:1-16:127:1-8:26 7:1
Peter's Confession, Challenge to Discipleship, Transfiguration16:13-17:138:27-9:139:18-36
Lessons on Responsibility to Others17:14-18:359:14-509:37-50
Journey to Jerusalem for the Feast of Tabernacles

8:19-22 9:51-627:2-10
PART 8: THE LATER MINISTRY OF CHRIST IN JUDEA

Teachings & Conflict at the Feast of Tabernacles 7:11-8:59
Mission of the 70 & Lessons on Serving and Prayer 10:1-11:13
Second Debate with the Scribes and Pharisees 11:14-13:21
Healing of the Blind Man & Teaching at the Feast of Dedication

9:1-10:39
PART 9: THE MINISTRY OF CHRIST IN AND AROUND PEREA

Principles of Discipleship 13:22-17:10
Raising of Lazarus and a brief tour through Samaria and Galilee19:1-20:341017:11-3710:40-42
Parables & Teaching while on Final Journey to Jerusalem

18:1-19:2811:1-54
PART 10: PRESENTATION OF CHRIST TO ISRAEL AND CONFLICT

Triumphal Entry, 2nd Cleansing of the Temple and the Fig Tree21:1-2211:1-1119:29-4811:55-12
Official Challenge of Christ's Authority21:23-22:4011:27-12:3420:1-40
Christ's Response to His Enemies' Challenges: Woes & Lament

22:41-23:3912:35-12:4420:41-21:4
PART 11: PROPHECIES IN PREPARATION FOR THE DEATH OF CHRIST

The Olivet Discourse: Prophecies of the Temple and Return of Christ24-2513:1-3721:5-36
Arrangements for Betrayal26:1-1614:1-1121:37-22:6
The Last Supper26:17-2914:12-2522:7-2013
Teaching & Prayers from the Upper Room to Gethsemane

26:30-4614:26-4222:39-4614-17
PART 12: THE DEATH OF CHRIST

Betrayal and Arrest26:47-5614:43-5222:47-5318:2-12
Jewish & Roman Trials26:57-27:2614:53-15:1522:54-23:2518:13-19:16
Crucifixion27:27-5615:16-4123:26-4919:17-30
Burial

27:57-6615:42-4723:50-5619:31-42
PART 13: RESURRECTION AND ASCENSION OF CHRIST

The Empty Tomb28:1-816:1-824:1-1220:1-10
The Post-Resurrection Appearances28:9-20(16:9-18)24:13-24:4920:11-21
The Ascension (16:19-20)24:50-53



The Earthly Life of Christ



Comparisons of the Four Gospels

MATTHEW MARK LUKE JOHN
Portraits of Jesus The Prophesied King The Obediant Servant The Perfect Man The Divine Son
Prominent words "fulfilled" "straightway" "Son of man" "believe"
Cultures of the original readers Jews
(Jesus, Son of Abraham)
Romans
(Action: no genealogy)
Greeks
(Jesus, Son of Adam)
Church
(Jesus, Son of God)
Outlook and style of the writers Teacher Preacher Litterateur Theologian
Outstanding sections Sermons Miracles Parables Doctrines
Prominent ideas Law Power Grace Glory
Broad division "SYNOPTIC GOSPELS"
--stressing the humanity of Christ from the outward, earthly side
"FOURTH GOSPEL"
--stressing the diety of Christ from the inward, heavenly side



from Irving Jenson, Life of Christ, Moody Press


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